- Inpatient versus Day Clinic Treatment for Bulimia Nervosa: A Randomized Trial
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The aspects of the ideal of beauty, perfectionism, and a strong focus on fitness and health are often reported associated factors. Studies on underlying neuropsychological and biological mechanisms are almost completely missing. This article provides an overview of the current state of research, summarizes explanatory approaches and critically reflects the current scientific evidence.ssllabel-admin.wecan-group.com/map9.php
Year Deutscher Suchtkongress Suchttherapie ; 20 01 : DOI: Also available at. Key words orthorexia nervosa - lifestyle - eating disorder - obsessive-compulsive disorder - behavioral addiction. Bulimia is thought to be more prevalent among Caucasians ;  however, a more recent study showed that African-American teenage girls were 50 percent more likely than Caucasian girls to exhibit bulimic behavior, including both binging and purging. Although diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa did not appear until , evidence suggests that binging and purging were popular in certain ancient cultures.
The first documented account of behavior resembling bulimia nervosa was recorded in Xenophon's Anabasis around B. C, in which Greek soldiers purged themselves in the mountains of Asia Minor. It is unclear whether this purging was preceded by binging. In ancient Rome, elite society members would vomit in order to "make room" in their stomachs for more food at all day banquets.
Historical records also suggest that some saints who developed anorexia as a result of a life of asceticism may also have displayed bulimic behaviors. Catherine died from starvation at age thirty-three. While the psychological disorder "bulimia nervosa" is relatively new, the word "bulimia," signifying overeating, has been present for centuries. There was no evidence of deliberate vomiting or an attempt to control weight.
At the turn of the century, bulimia overeating was described as a clinical symptom, but rarely in the context of weight control. In , admissions of anorexia nervosa patients to the Mayo Clinic from to were compiled.
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Fifty-five to sixty-five percent of these patients were reported to be voluntarily vomiting in order to relieve weight anxiety. Several case studies from this era reveal patients suffering from the modern description of bulimia nervosa. Ellen West , a patient described by Ludwig Binswanger in , was teased by friends for being fat and excessively took thyroid pills to lose weight, later using laxatives and vomiting. After being admitted to a psychiatric facility for depression, Ellen ate ravenously yet lost weight, presumably due to self-induced vomiting.
Inpatient versus Day Clinic Treatment for Bulimia Nervosa: A Randomized Trial
An explanation for the increased instances of bulimic symptoms may be due to the 20th century's new ideals of thinness. The s, however, truly introduced the trend of an aspiration for thinness. In , Gerald Russell first published a description of bulimia nervosa, in which he studied patients with a "morbid fear of becoming fat" who overate and purged afterwards.
In , Kendler et al. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bulimia nervosa Other names Bulimia Loss of enamel acid erosion from the inside of the upper front teeth as a result of bulimia Specialty Psychiatry Symptoms Eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time followed by vomiting or the use of laxatives , often normal weight   Complications Breakdown of the teeth, depression , anxiety , problems with drugs, suicide   Causes Genetic and environmental factors   Diagnostic method Based on person's medical history  Differential diagnosis Anorexia , binge eating disorder , Kleine-Levin syndrome , borderline personality disorder  Treatment Cognitive behavioral therapy   Medication Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors , tricyclic antidepressant   Prognosis Half recover over 10 years with treatment  Frequency 3.
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Translation of «Bulimie» into 25 languages
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Retrieved 4 July Human Molecular Genetics. Radcliffe Publishing. Biological Psychiatry. International Journal of Tryptophan Research.
Archives of General Psychiatry. European Eating Disorders Review. Donald; Schmaltz, Rod Psychology: the science of behaviour 4th Canadian ed. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada. April 1, American Journal of Psychiatry. Archived from the original on Ab normal Psychology. McGraw Hill. PubMed Health. Archived from the original on February 11, Retrieved April 18, Kevin; Stice, Eric Current Directions in Psychological Science.
Feeling similar or dissimilar to slim and plus-size models affects self-evaluation of restrained eaters". Body Image. Manual of Psychiatric Therapeutics. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Abnormal Psychology 6 ed. McGraw-Hill Education. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Women's Health London, England. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. American Journal of Psychotherapy. Murthy RS ed. Archived from the original on May 24, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.
Archived from the original on February 10, Jornal de Pediatria in Portuguese. European Psychiatry.
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American Journal of Epidemiology. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved In The Eating disorders pp. Springer New York. The history of bulimia nervosa. Garfinkel Eds. International Journal of Eating Disorders. ICD - 10 : F Adult personality and behavior. Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Paraphilia Fetishism Voyeurism Sexual maturation disorder Sexual relationship disorder. Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome Impulse control disorder Dermatillomania Kleptomania Pyromania Trichotillomania Personality disorder. Childhood and learning. X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Pervasive Specific.
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