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The fighting has claimed tens of thousands of lives since The party denies links to the PKK, which is considered a terrorist group by Turkey and its Western allies. In Iraq, the Kurds repeatedly rose up against the central government throughout the 20th century.source site
From Tribe to Nation: Iraqi Kurdistan on the Cusp of Statehood
To punish them, Saddam launched a scorched-earth campaign and chemical attacks, which together killed an estimated 50, people. The U.
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The Kurds formalized their autonomy after the U. Oil exports fueled an economic boom in the Kurdish region, leading to talk of a new Dubai in the heart of a troubled Middle East.
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But those hopes were largely dashed in , when oil prices plunged and the Islamic State group swept across northern Iraq, drawing to within miles kilometers of the Kurdish regional capital, Irbil. In the process, however, they seized large areas outside their autonomous zone, escalating long-running territorial disputes with the central government.
Why Doesn’t the U.S. Support Kurdish Independence? - The Atlantic
The Kurds and Baghdad have also been at odds over the sharing of oil revenues. The main Syrian Kurdish party, known as the PYD, has benefited from a tacit non-aggression pact with Assad since the early months of the war, when the Syrian army withdrew from much of northeastern Syria to battle rebels elsewhere in the country, allowing the Kurds to carve out a zone of autonomy. They are now the main component of the U. A guerrilla campaign by the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, or PDKI, continued for several years, until the group declared a unilateral cease-fire in That document was approved in most of Iraq by wide margins, but in Iraqi Kurdistan more than 98 percent of voters endorsed it.
She said the Kurds knew there would be opposition to the referendum, pointing to the fact that the U. There are two main overlapping theories for why Iraq and its allies, including the U. Peter Galbraith, a former U. Galbraith, who was in the KRG for the recent referendum as an unpaid adviser to the Kurds, pointed out that the area has long been a bastion of stability in Iraq.
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Indeed, the KRG is slightly bigger than the U. But what it does have in area and population it lacks in the factors that make a stable state. Jones, who was U. B: The political conditions were simply not prepared.
A sharp reaction from Baghdad. There were a lot of issues that were not resolved. Regional reaction may, in part, be the reason why the Iraqi government acted in the manner it did. Iran, Syria, and Turkey have significant Kurdish minorities and Tehran and Ankara, especially, fear that an independent Kurdish state would embolden Kurdish separatist forces in their own countries.
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Turkey, which traditionally has been close to the Barzani family, and Iran, which enjoys influence with the rival Talabani family the two families have dominated Kurdish politics for decades , stepped in. Iran was more direct. Qassem Soleimani, the head of the Quds force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, was in Iraqi Kurdistan last weekend, meeting with the Talabani-allied Patriotic Union of Kurdistan to mediate a resolution to the standoff. It appears to have worked. PUK fighters withdrew from Kirkuk this week, handing the city over to Iraqi government forces. If there is one thing that is clear from the crisis in Iraq it is that 14 years after the U.
This will especially be a factor as the U.